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广东陶瓷业遭遇最困难一年!“煤改气”被指“一刀切”

文章来源:中国建筑企业协会    最后更新时间:2019-12-17    阅读次数:

    “wozuole30duoniandejianzhutaoci,jinnianshiwoyudaodexingqingzuichadeyinian。”guangdongyijiadaxingjianzhutaociqiyedongshizhangliuyuandui《zhongguojingjizhoukan》jizheshuo。

    lipengshengjingyinglingyijiadaxingtaociqiye,zaiguangdonghehunandouyoushengchanxian。lipengshengshuo,qitaocichangzuigaofengshiqiyeguyongdegongrenshuchaoguo1wan,erxianzaichangliderenshuzhiyou6500renzuoyou,mingniantahaiyaozaixuejiandao5200ren。gongyou20tiaoshengchanxian,jinniankaigongdezhiyou12tiao。“yitiaotiao(shengchanxian)ting,tingdaomeiyoushengcunkongjian,wojiuzhiyouguanle。”

    guangdongtaocixiehuihuizhangchenhuanjieshao,jinnian,youdedapinpaiqiyehaiyouzengzhang,danshi,zhengtilaikan,zheishiguangdongtaocixingyezuikunnandeyinian。

    广东陶瓷产业为何陷入最困难的境地?

    行情最差的一年

    jianzhutaociweiyongyujianzhuwushimianhuozuoweijianzhugoujiandetaocizhipin,yidiqiangcizhuanweizhu。weishengtaocishiyongzuoweishengsheshideyouyoutaocizhipin,yichangjiandeweiyuchanpinweizhu。guangdongshitaocichanyedasheng,zhuyaoshengchanjianzhuweishengtaoci,foshan、qingyuan、zhaoqing、jiangmendengdishizhuchanqu,oushennuo、jianyi、dongpeng、xinmingzhu、xinzhongyuandengzhimingpinpaijunfayuanyuci。

    juguangdongtaocixiehuishuju,2018nian,guangdongquanshengjianzhutaocichanliang22.6yipingfangmi,zhanquanguozongliang24.6%;weishengtaocichanliang4364.3wanjian,zhanquanguozongliang21.1%。

    liuyuandeqiyezaiguoneijianzhutaocixingyepoyoumingqi。tashuo:“zuolezheimezhangshijian,conglaimeiyouyudaoguozheiliangsannianzheimenanzuo,tebieshijinnian,biqunianhaiyaonan,yigeyueburuyigeyue。”

瑞丰体育    liuyuandeqingkuangbingfeigean。jinnianlai,guangdongtaocichanyedafuxiahua。

    shujuxianshi,2019nianshangbannian,guangzhouhaiguanjianzhuyongcichukouliangyuewei30wandun,tongbixiajiang19.5%,chukouewei1.9yi,tongbixiajiang4.5%。chenhuanjieshao,taocixingyeshishoudaofanqingxiaodengmaoyibaohucuoshizuiduodeyigexingye,woguotaociyejinliangnianchukouliangshizaixiajiangde。yujijinnianguangdongtaociquannianchukouxiajiang10%zuoyou。

瑞丰体育    foshanshitaocixingyexiehuifabudeshujuxianshi,foshanshi2016niantaocixingyeqiangdizhuanzongchanzhidadao1012yiyuan,2017nianhe2018nianfenbiewei997.65yiyuanhe830.76yiyuan,chengxianzhunianxiadiedequshi。foshanshitaocixingyexiehuimishuzhangyinhongguji,2019nian,foshantaocixingyeqiangdizhuanzongchanzhikenenghuidiepo700yiyuan,zheijiangbi2018nianxiadiejin19%。

    “biqunianhainan”“yiyueburuyiyue”dexingshixia,qiyechuxianguanting、daobidengqingkuang。jubuwanquantongji,jinnianshangbannian,beimeitipuguangdetaociqiyepaimaianduoda36jia,zhuyaofenbuzaiguangdong、jiangxi、henan、shandongdengchanqu,danduoyiliupaigaozhong。

    方案层层加码?

瑞丰体育    guangdongtaocixingyemianlindeyalibujinshishichangxiahua,dangdizhengzaishishide“meigaiqi”zhengceyerangzheixieqiye“qichuanyuyu”。

    guangdongshengtaocixiehuixiang《zhongguojingjizhoukan》jizhetigongdeyifen《guanyuluoshiwoshengtaocixingye“meigaiqi”chuxiandeyouguanwentiyijianhejianyi》cheng,dangqian,30%yishangdeshengchanxianchuyutingchanzhuangtai。

瑞丰体育    taocixingyebeirenweishiwurandahu。guangdongshengzhaoqingshigongyehexinxihuajuzaijinnianchutaideyifenzhengceshuomingcailiaozhongcheng,ju2014nianwoshiweituozhongshandaxuekaizhande《zhaoqingdaqizhongwuranchengyinlaiyuanyanjiu》biaoming,tichuqiyetoupaiyinsuwai,jianzhutaocizhipinxingyeyicipaifangduizhaoqingshixikeliwu(pm2.5)gongxianzhanbiyuewei12.80%。

瑞丰体育    huanbaozhengzhi,taocixingyeshoudangqichong。chenhuanjieshao,guangdongtaociqiyezhuyaoshiyongshuimeiqizuoweiranliao。shuimeiqishiyizhongtongguogongyeyaolushengchandeyiyanghuatanheqingqidehunheqiti,xuyaoyongmeitanzuoweijichuranliao,zheibeirenweishizaochengtaocishengchanwurandezhongyaoyuanyinzhiyi。yinci,quanguoduodichutaileisizhengce,yaoqiutaociqiyegaiyongtianranqi,yeneisuchengwei“meigaiqi”。

    2018nian7yue19ri,guangdongshenghuanbaotingfabu《guangdongshengdayinglantianbaoweizhanxingdongfangan2018-2020nian(zhengqiuyijiangao)》(xiacheng“《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》”)tichu,duibaokuofoshan、qingyuan、zhaoqingzaineidequansheng976tiaojianzhutaocishengchanxianjinxingqingjienengyuangaizao,bingyu2020nianwancheng。

    anzhao《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》,guangdongduogedishijunchutailexiangyingdezhengce。ru,2018nian10yue31ri,foshanshichutai《foshanshijianzhutaocixingyeqingjienengyuangaizaogongzuofangan》(xiacheng“《foshanshigaizaofangan》”),mingquezhichu2020nian10yuezhi2020niandi,gequrenminzhengfuzuzhichengguoyanshou,yaoqiusuoyoujianzhutaociqiyequanmiangaishaotianranqi,quebaoeryanghualiu、danyanghuawuhekeliwudabiaopaifang。

    conglianggefanganlaikan,guangdongshengyaoqiuqiyetongguo“gaoxiaozhili”dadaopaifangyaoqiuhourengkeshengchan,foshanzemingqueyaoqiuqiyequanbuxianqishishi“meigaiqi”,bi《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》yaoqiugenggaogengyan。

    xiangduiyuguangdongshengdezhengce,zhaoqingshidezhengcebiaozhunyezaijiama。zhaoqingshizhengfu9yue15riyinfade《zhaoqingshiyindaohefuchitaociqiyezhuanxingshengjigongzuoshishifangan》tichu,dinghuqutaociqiyeyuanzeshangbaoliu3jiayouzhiqiyeshishi“meigaiqi”,bingqiequebaozai2020nian1yuediqianquanmianwanchenggaizaoshengjigongzuo,qiyudetaociqiyewubizai2020niandiqianshixianquanmiantuichuzhuanxing。gaoyaoqu、sihuishi、guangningxian、deqingxiantaociqiyewanchengyaolu“meigaiqi”,quanmiantishengtaociqiyejishushengchanshuiping,dao2020nian1yuediqianquanmianwanchenggaizaoshengjigongzuo。

瑞丰体育    zheijiqiledangdiqiyedefandan。zhaoqingshi63jiataociqiyezaiyifenlianmingbaogaozhongcheng,《guangdongshenglantianbaoweifangan》bingweiyaoqiugongyeyaoluqiangzhishiyong“tianranqi”,yeweiyaoqiuxianqiwancheng。“womenzheilishimingxiande‘yidaoqie’,qiangzhiqiyexianqiwancheng‘meigaiqi’huozheziyuantuichu。”gailianmingbaogaocheng。

    11yue15ri,zaiquanguogongshanglian、shengtaihuanjingbulianhezhaokaidezhichifuwuminyingqiyelvsefazhanjiaoliutuijinhuixianchang,shengtaihuanjingbubuzhangliganjiezaitandaohuanbao“yidaoqie”wentishiyeqiangdiao,yaojiqiyedabiaozhenggailiushijian:xuyao1geyueji1geyue,xuyao3geyueji3geyue,shenzhigengzhangshijian。

    “陶瓷行业治污关键不在能源”

    zaichenhuankanlai,jishiguangdongtaociqiyequanbuzuodao“meigaiqi”,yebunengjiejuewuranwenti。tafenxi,taocixingyedewuranpaifangzhuyaobaokuofenchen、eryanghualiuhedanyanghuawuzheisanzhong,xianyoudehuanbaojishuyijingnenggoushifenchenheeryanghualiuzuodaochaodipaifang,jingguohenduozhuanjialailunzheng,buguanshishaotianranqihuozheshuimeiqi,danyanghuawuwuranwudepaifangliangqishibingmeiyouduodabianhua,haidekaohuanbaozhili。

    chucizhiwai,tianranqiyebingfei“yichenburan”。guangdongtaocixiehuitigongdediaoyanbaogaocheng:gongyingjitaociqiyedetianranqizhiliangbuwending,zhengchangshiyileiqi,danyidaoyongqijinzhangshi,jingchangchanjinerleiqishenzhisanleiqi,bufentianranqihanliuliangshenzhihandanliangyuanchaozhengchangzhi,chanshengdewuranwuxianzhuzengjia,danyanghuawunongdushenzhichaoguoshiyongshuimeiqi,yanzhongyingxiangshengchan。

瑞丰体育    chenhuanrenwei,yaoshixianhuanbaomubiao,“meigaiqi”zheigefangxiangmeiyouwenti,danwentideguanjianbingfeitaociqiyeshiyongshenmenengyuan,yebunengyikao“meigaiqi”jiejueyiqiewenti,zhengquedezuofashiyangezhixingguojiaheguangdongtaocigongyewuranwupaifangbiaozhun。

    guangdongtaociqiyemengnalisha(002918.sz)wenhuazongjianwanglicengfawencheng,zhengfubumendezhizeyinggaishizhubutigaohuanbaopaifangbiaozhun,erbushiyidaoqieshidiqiangpoqiye“meigaiqi”,gengbuyinggaidabaodalanguidingqiyebixucaiyongshenmeranliao,eryinggaihuadingpaifangbiaozhun,shouzhudixian,jiaqiangjiandu,rangneixiewuranyanzhong、paifangbudabiaodeqiyeqianglingtingchan,tuichushichang,errangneixiehuanbaozhilidabiao、shenzhiyouliangdeqiyebushou“meigaiqi”yingxiang,“haohaohuoxialai”。

    《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》tichu,guliyoutiaojiandeqiyekaizhanchaodipaifangshengjigaizao。

    lipengshengjieshao,qiqiyejinnianzaishengchanxianqitipaifangzhilifangmiandetouruyijingchaoguo1.5yiyuan,“womendedanyanghuawupaifangnongdudayuezai70mg/m?,liuhuawuhepm2.5zai10-12mg/m?he7-8mg/m?jian。ruguoshengchanxianyaoquanbugaichengshaotianranqi,neiwozhiqiandetourujiudoudaleshuipiao”。

瑞丰体育    zheiyizhibiaoyouyu《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》guidingdepaifangbiaozhun:“gaiyongtianranqihuocaiyonggaoxiaozhilicuoshiquebaodanyanghuawupaifangnongdu≤100mg/ m?,eryanghualiupaifangnongdu≤30mg/ m?。

    chenhuanrenwei,yixiedifangzhengfuqianliangniandouchutailebushaozhengce,guliqiyetouruqujianshaopaifang,shixianqingjieshengchan。andaoli,qiyepaifangdabiaoyihou,jiuyinggaikeyijixushengchan。“xianzaituranshuobuxing,yidingyaogaitianranqi,fouzebuzhunnishengchan,neizhiqiandetouruzenmeban?zheigeshizhengcebugouyanxudewenti,yebugouyansu。zenmejiejue?”chenhuanfanwendao。

    liuyuanyetucaohuanbaozhongfuzhenggaidailaidelangfei。tabaoyuanshuo,zaihuanjingzhengzhishi,huanbaobumenmeiyoutichumingque、wanshandezhilifanganhebiaozhun,ershirangqiyezijimosuo,keqiyezixingzhengzhihou,huanbaobumenjianchayishuobuxing,youyaozhonglai,zengjiahenduofeiyong。

    生存困境下,有企业放弃“品质路线”

瑞丰体育    weiyingduishengcunyali,bushaoqiyexuanzecaiyuan、jianchan。weilehuoxiaqu,yeyouqiyedaqilechanpinpinzhidezhuyi。youyeneirenshitoulu,youdetaociqiyezhijieyaoqiugongyingshangjiangdiyuanliaojiage,youdetaocichangjiaweilejieshengyouliao,jiangyoucengzuodefeichangxibo,zhijiedaozhichanpindenaimoxingneng、fangwuxingnengdafujiangdi。

    jiangxigaoanyijiajianzhutaocicailiaogongyingshangtoulu,bufenmeishilidejianzhutaociqiyeluxudaobi,youshilidejiuyagongyingshangjiage、yagongyingshanghuokuan,jiezhangshikekouzhangkuandeqingkuangyeshifenpubian,biru,jiaoyishishuohaodejiage,jieguofukuanshiquezhizhifuyibufen,shengxiadejiu“meiqian”“guoduanshijianji”,shenzhichuxianjiangshengyuhuokuan“yiyanjiudaiti”deqingkuang。

瑞丰体育    buguangshiyuancailiaoduan,jianzhutaocichanpindexuqiuduanyezaichuandaoyali。liuyuanzhizhifangdichankaifashangdejingzhuangfang“zheiliangnianjingzhuangfanghailehenduoshitidian,tamenyaodedoushilajichanpin,yejiushizuibianyidechanpin,haishichangtuoqianhuokuan。”

    duici,zhongguotaocigongyexiehuiyiweifulishizhanggaosu《zhongguojingjizhoukan》,dadefangdichanqiyequanguojizhongcaigou,gongkaitoubiao,sheijiagezuidijishei,erqiehuibiaomingchanpinzhiliangyanshoubiaozhun,“zuidijiadedaxingtaociqiyezhongbiaohou,fangchanshanghaiyaojixuyajiage,yadaozuidihoujiujinizuole。”

    buguo,tatongshizhichu,fangdichanqiyeyouyanshoubiaozhun,buhuiyinweitajinidijia,nijiudizhiliang,zhiliangbuxingnijiupei。zhenggegongchengzuowanle,ruguojianchazhiliangdabudaoguojiabiaozhun,neijiudepeichang、fangong。zhiqian,jiuyouyijiadaxingtaociqiyebeizhimingfangqitichugongyingshangminglu,haibeifalebushaoqian。

    handongzhong,guangdongtaociqiyeshenmeshihoudenglaichuntian?zheiweifulishizhangrenwei,taociqiyexianzaijiuzheiyanghaoxiaqu,buzhiyaohaodaoshenmeshihou,dengzhenzhengbameiyoushilideqiyetaotaileyihoucaiyouhaorizi,danshengxiadeyezhishidaqiye。

    foshanshinanzhuangzhentaocichanyecujinhuidanyoudeshi“yidaoqie”suodailaideshehuiwenti。gaicujinhuidefuzerenpaochuyilianchuanwenti:shengchanxianyinweizaixianqineiwancheng“meigaiqi”ertingchan,qiyeqianyinxingdedaikuanruhechanghai?yiqiandingdexiaoshouhetongruhelvxing?yincishiyededapigongrenruheanzhi?tayuce,“zheixietaociqiyejianghuichuxiandaliangdejingjijiufen。”

    “meigaiqi”yidaoqiehuorangtaocichanyexianruzhengtikuisun

    jinguanpoyouzhengyi,guangdonggezhuyaotaocichandijunzaidalituijin“meigaiqi”zhengce,qiexianqijiangzhi,youcidailaidegaizaochengbenrangqiyeshenganyali。

    taociqiye“meigaiqi”dechengbenshiduoshao,dangdiqiyesuanleyibizhang:

瑞丰体育    shouxianshigaizaochengben。jushangshudiaoyanbaogao,taociqiyejiangxianyoushengchanxiangaizaoshiyongtianranqileixingyaoluhepenwuta,meitiaoshengchanxiangaizaofeiyongdagaiwei80—100wanyuan。

    gaibaogaojieshao,qiyeshiyongshuimeiqidechengbenwei4.05yuan/㎡,gaiyongtianranqidechengbenshangshengzhi6.99yuan/㎡,meipingfangchanpinzonghechengbenzengjia2.94yuan,dan2018nianfoshanshitaocixingyeshijimeipingfangchanpinlirunjin2.2yuan,zengjiadechengbenweilirunde1.34bei。“zaidangqianshichangbujingqi、xuqiuxiahuadehuanjingxia,nanyitongguotigaochanpinshoujialaiweichilirunlv,foshanshitaociqiyejiangmianlinpubiandelirunlvdafuxiajiang,shenzhikuisundejumian。”

瑞丰体育    shangshuzhaoqing63jiaqiyedebaogaocheng:zhaoqingdiqumuqiantianranqijiagepiangao,qiecunzaigongqilongduanqingxing,jiagegenbenbushoushichangkongzhi。genjubufenshidianqiyefankui,zaicaiyongtianranqishengchanhou,bubaokuoranqiguandaodegaizaofeiyong,jinnengyuanfangmiandechengbenjiujiangtigaozhishaoerfenzhiyi。

    qiyedanxindeshi,“meigaiqi”huidafuzengjiachengben,erquanguo“meigaiqi”zhengce、biaozhun、jindubingbutongyi,sheixiangai,sheijiuyaochengshouqitadiqudedichengbenchongji,kenengjiusheixiansi。

    “ruguoquanguodouguidingyaoshiyongtianranqi,wohaowuyuanyan,danxianzaigenbenbushigongpingjingzheng。”lipengshengdui《zhongguojingjizhoukan》jizheqiangdiao,xiangjiaoyushuimeiqi,tianranqishengchandecizhuanchengbendayueyaozengjia3yuan/㎡,tangruotajinnian8000wan㎡decizhuanchannengquanbushiyongtianranqi,tayiniandechengbenjiangyaoduochu2.4yiyuan,zheihuirangqichedishiqujingzhengyoushi。

    jibianshizaiguangdongshengnei,zhaoqingde63jiataociqiyeyetichu:congguangdongshenggedide‘meigaiqi’tuijinqingkuanglaikan,gedidezhengcebingbutongyi,jinduyebutongyi,“danchengbendeshangsheng,bijiangzaochengqiyejianquyuhuadebugongpingjingzheng,yanzhongyingxiangdiquqiyedeshengcunyufazhan。”

    气源不足是大问题,试点企业因此停产

    ciwai,“meigaiqi”zhihou,tianranqinengfoubaozhangwendinggongyingshitaociqiyedelingyidanyou。

瑞丰体育    《guangdongshenglantianbaoweizhanfangan》mingque,“zaibaozhangqiyuangongyingdeqiantixia,anzhao‘xianhetonghoufazhan’deyuanze,dao2020nian,zhuhai、foshan、shaoguan、dongguan、jiangmen、qingyuandengshijibenwanchengqingjienengyuangaizao。”

    zaiyeneirenshikanlai,yaoshixian“baozhangqiyuangongying”bingburongyi。shangshu《guanyuluoshiwoshengtaocixingye“meigaiqi”chuxiandeyouguanwentiyijianhejianyi》cheng,ruguoanguangdongshengtaocixingye2018nianjianzhutaocichanliangjisuan,yongqiliangzhanquansheng2017niantianranqiyongliangde46.4%,zhan2020nianquanshengyujigongqiliangde32.3%,zhan2025nianquanshenggongqiliangde22.6%。zaibaozhangjuminjiqitaxingyeyongqideqiantixia,ruhebaozhengtaocixingyeqiyuangongyingbuchuxian“qihuang”shiyidananti。

瑞丰体育    liru,qingyuanheyunchanqu,xianyouderigongqinengliyue50wanlifangmi,yuanyuandabudaoyuanqumeitianyue250wanlifangmidezongxuqiu。zhaoqinglubu,tianranqigongsizaiyuanquduimianjianyoulngqizhan,anzhaoshejizuidagongqinengliwei30wanlifangmi/ri,zhinengmanzu10tiaoshengchanxianshiyong,jinmanzuyuanqu50%dexuqiu。qingyuanshiqingchengqumuqianyijianchengdeyiqiguandaogongchengshuqinengliwei3yilifangmi/nian,quanbuyongyutaocixingye,yejinmanzu40%zuoyoudeyongliang。

    “qiyuangongying”wentizaiqitadiquyechuxianguo。jugongkaibaodao,2017niandi,huabeidiquzuidadetaocishengchanjidihebeigaoyijiuchuxianguo“qihuang”daozhitaociqiyedamianjitingchandeshijian。“ruguotianranqichuxiangongyingbuzuwenti,erjianzhutaocichangdeshengchanxiandeyunzhuanruguozhiyilaitianranqi,xingyejiangshoudaohendadaji。”liuyuanshuo。

瑞丰体育    shangshuzhaoqing63jiaqiyedebaogaocheng,“julejie,bufenqiyecengshidianranyongtianranqi,danyinqiyuanbuzudaozhitingchan。”

    dantaocichanqutuijin“meigaiqi”detaidujianjue。ru,zhaoqingshizhengfuguanwang10yue15riyipian《zhaoqingshitiliuxiangcuoshi,qiangshituidongtaociqiyezhuanxingshengji》dewenzhangcheng,“shishizuiyangedeshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhidu,yizuiyangedezonghecuoshituidongquanshitaociqiyetuichuhezhuanxingshengji,quebao2020nian1yueqianwancheng‘meigaiqi’。cong2020nian2yuekaishi,gedibaoliudetaociqiyeshengchanxianshiyongtianranqi,gedixiangyingxuejianmeitanxiaofeizongliangzhibiao。”

    wenzhangtichudeliuxiangcuoshizhiyishi,zhaoqingshijiweijianweijiangduigongzuojinxingzhuize,duigongzuobulimanbao,huangbaotaociqiyetuichuhezhengzhitishengqingdanjijinzhanqingkuangde,jiangyansuzhuijiugaidiyouguanzerenrenyuandezeren。duiweinenganqiwanchengtuichuhegaizaoshengjigongzuorenwude,yaoduixiangguanxian(shi、qu)dangwei、zhengfuzhuyaolingdaojinxingyuetan,bingyangezhuijiufuzelingdaohexiangguanzerenrenyuandezeren。

    chule“zuiyange”dituijintaociqiyetuichuhezhuanxingshengji,zhaoqingshihaizuzhidangditaociqiyebanqianzhiwaidi。juhunanchenzhoushiyizhangxianmeitibaodao,zhaoqingshigaoyaoquyuyizhangxianjiutaocichanyezhuanyihezuoqiandinglehezuokuangjiaxieyi。

瑞丰体育    “taocixingyeshiguangdongzhizaodezhongyaofuhao,shiqianyijidechanyejiqun,wuluncongqingganchuanchengshang,haishicujinjingjifazhanshang,zhengfuheqiyeduiyutaocichanyededingwei,bushiyaobuyaodewenti,ershiruhejiakuaizhuanxingshengji,shixiangaozhiliangfazhandewenti。”shangshudiaoyanbaogaoshuo。

    (yingcaifangduixiangyaoqiu,liuyuan、lipengshengjunweihuaming)


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